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REVOLUTIONARY PENSION. DECLARATIONS 149
REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS PROM
PITTSYLVANIA COUNTY, VIRGINIA.
(Contributed by Mrs. N. E. Clement, Chatham, Va.)
On this 22 nd day of August 1832 Personally apeared before the
court of Pitts, now sitting, Robert Ferguson, a resident of said
county & State aforesaid, aged Seventy Two years, and made
the following declaration on his oath — that he entered the Ser-
vice of the U. S. some time in year 1779 as a Substitute for
Bazabiel Wier & marched from the County of Pitts, in a Com-
pany of Militia commanded by Capt. Witcher to Salisbury in
the state of N. C. & joined the N. C. Militia in that place under
Colo. Mason, he was stationed there two or three months, then
marched to Charlotte in said state N. C. & remained at that
place a few days, they were marched from there, for some time
in various directions untill they arrived at Stone Inlet on coast
of S. C. & were stationed near that place until their term of
service ended, being Six months, that his discharge is lost
and cannot be found, He does not know any person living that
was with him on that tour but the Service rendered is Proved
by Bazabiel Wier who employed him as his Substitute. In the
Spring 1780 he was employed by Joseph Terry to assist him in
driving a Parcel of Cattle into the State of N. C, when they
arrived at Wilks Court House about the 15 th day of May 1780.
He again entered the Service of the U. S. as a Volunteer solider
and marched from the said County of Wilks in state aforesaid
in a Company commanded by Capt. Wm. Cleveland & joined
the Regiment commanded by Colo. John Cleveland, that they
continued marching in various directions Sometimes down the
Catawba River, not being stationed long at any One Place, they
were Principally engaged in Searching for, and taking Torys
untill about the first of October, they returned to said Wilks C.
150 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.
H. & were there discharged by Colo. Cleveland. The whole
of the time rendered on this tour was at least 4 months & 15
days. His discharge is lost and cannot be found.
About the first of December 1780 he again entered the Service
of the united States as a substitute for Wm. Bennett and
marched from the County of Pitts. State of Va. in a company of
drafted Militia commanded by Capt. John Winn to the Island
Ford on Dan River, from there to the great falls on the said
Dan River where Danville is now situated, from there they
marched to the state of N. C. & joined the Main Army under
Gen'l Stephens and Gen'l Lawson. He was then trans-
ferred to a company commanded by Capt. Wm. Dix and
marched with him in the Army as aforesaid in various directions,
not being stationed long at any one place, but sometimes
marched nearly all night, untill they met with Lord Cornwallis
in the county of Guilford, when a severe Battle was fought,
the Americans were defeated in that engagement & retreated
to Troublesome Iron Works near Haw River, where they were
again organized and marched from that place under Gen'l
Green in Pursuit of the British untill they arrived at Ramseys
Mill on Deep River in state of N. C. He was discharged at that
Place by Capt. William Dix in month of April 1781- — the
whole tour of service rendered on this tour is at least four months.
His discharge is lost but his service can be proved by James M.
Williams, who was a soldier with him at same time & place.
About last of Ap. 1781 he was drafted as a soldier and marched
from Co. of Pitts, in a Company of Militia commanded by Capt.
Henry Burnett, thro Halifax Co. to Charlotte C. H. &
joined the army at that place under Gen'l Lawson, was trans-
ferred to a comp'y commanded by Capt. John Buddy, attached
to the Regiment commanded by Maj r Purnell; from there was
marched to Prince Edward C. H. and from there through Cum-
berland Co. & crossed James River at Carter's Ferry & con-
tinued to march until they came to Dandridges Old field in
Hanover County when he was again transferred to a company
commanded by Capt. Wm. Clark. He marched with him under
Maj. Purnell in said Army to a place called Morben Hill about
17 miles below Rich.; was stationed there several weeks, then
REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS 151
marched the whole Army under Baron Steuben, Gen'l Green,
Stephens and Lawson to Jamestown. A Battle was fought at
that place, after which they went back to Morben Hill where
they were stationed until he was discharged by Capt. Wm.
Clark about last of July 1781. the whole service rendered on
this tour was three months his discharge is lost and cannot
be found but the service Rendered is proved by Leroy Shelton,
who was a soldier with him in same Companies & at same time.
That as soon as he returned home from Serving the above
tour, which was in the month of August 1781 he enlisted with
Wm. McCraw, who was a Deputy Quarter Master for the
Southern Army at Peytonsburg, Pittsylvania Co., Va., during
the war & remained in the service of the U. S., engaged as a
waggoner driving the public teams under the command of the
said Wm. McCraw untill after the end of the War. The whole
time service rendered under this enlistment was at least one
year. His discharge is lost, but his service can be proved by
Jas. M. Williams, who was in same service with McCraw. —
Was born in Co. of Halifax, state of Va., year 1761.
Lived in Pitts. Co. when entered the service of U. S. & has
lived in said Co. ever since.
Sworn to & subscribed the day & year aforesaid.
Robert X Ferguson,
On this 22 nd day of August, 1832, Personally appeared in open
court before Dan'l Coleman, Jas. Logan, David H. Clark &
Wm. D. Pannill, the court of Pitts, now sitting, Abraham Chaney
a resident of said county, aged 72 yrs. and made following decla-
ration on his oath —
That he entered the sendee of the U. S. as a Volunteer Soldier
in a company of Militia commanded by Capt. Donaldson, jr.,
Lieut. Moses Hutchings & Ensign Joseph Williams, &
marched from the County of Pittsylvania on the 9 th day of April
1776 and went thro Franklin Co., crossed the Blue Ridge
152 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.
at Magotty Gap, New River at Englishes Ferry and continued
on to the Islands of Holston River & was stationed on that
river in a fort; from that Place, Capt. Donaldson with 15 men.
of whom he was one, went out to search for the Cherokee
Indians, ranging Principally thro' the woods in Various
directions for about two weeks when they returned to the same
fort where they remained until their tour of duty being for three
months expired. When he was discharged by Capt. Donalson
at that place in the month of July 1776, about 300 miles from
home making in all the time rendered on this tour including the
time to travel home at least 3J^ months.
His discharge is lost or mislaid so that it cannot be found but
the service rendered is proved by Joshua Dodson who was a
soldier with him all the time.
He again entered the Service of the U. S. as a soldier in a com-
pany of Militia commanded by the same Capt. John Donalson,
jr., Lieut. John Gwinn, and marched from the said Pittsylvania
Co. on 7 th day of April 1778, went thro' the county of Frank-
lin to Colo. Preston in Montgomery, remained near his House
a few days and marched from there to Hatfield Fort on Stoney
Creek near New River in said Co. Montgomery, & was sta-
tioned at that place under the said Officers (no other troops
being there) until the 12 th of Aug. 1778, when he was discharged
by Capt. Donalson, the time of this tour being four months &
8 days. His discharge is lost, but proved by John Neal &
John Farthing, who were soldiers with him at that place.
In the winter of 1781 he was drafted as a Militia soldier &
marched from the Co. of Pitts, in a company under the command
of Capt. Clements, thro the County of Halifax into N. C. to
Hillsborough and was there taken sick Placed in a Hospital
near that Place & was confined there two months & 15 days,
when he hired his Brother Joseph Chaney to take his place —
Joseph was received as a Substitute for him & he was dis-
charged from the service being still sick. His discharge is lost
& cannot be found.
Relinquishes pension in other Rolls of Agency.
Sworn to & Subscribed the day & year aforesaid.
Abraham X Chaney.
revolutionary pension declarations 153
On 22 day of August 1832, personally appeared in open court
before David Clark, Wm. L. Pannill, &c, county court of Pitts,
now sitting, Daniel Bradley, a resident of the Co. of Pitts. &
made following declaration —
That he first enlisted and entered the service of the U. S. — as a
regular soldier in the 1" Va. Regt. of Southern Army, was en-
listed by Ensign Belew in Cumberland County, Va., where he
then resided, on the 1*-* of July 1780, engaged to serve for 18
mo* and was marched by Capt. Alexander Grothemy from
Cumberland Co. to Chesterfield C. H., the place of rendezvous
where he was put under command of Capt. White, whose com-
mand was attached to the armed force commanded by Col.
Campbell, Mulenburg — the commanding general, from there he
marched under the command of Col. Campbell and Capt. Mor-
ton to Guilford C. H. or its neighborhood & was engaged in the
Battle of Guilford commanded by Maj. General Greene. From
thence after that Battle he marched under Colo. Campbell &
Maj. Gen'l Greene and Capt. Morgan, who fell in on the way to
ninety-six, where he remained 31 days, the whole month of May
1781. From thence he marched under the same General
officers, Campbell and Greene, skirmishing & taking by the
way Scotch lake Fort, Friday's Fort, Thompsons Fort, Augusta
Fort, the Blockhouse to Camden, where they were stationed for
10 days. From thence he was marched under the same officers,
Capt. Morgan, Colo. Campbell & General Greene to the
Eutaw Springs, where on the 8 th of Sept. 1781 he was engaged
in that Battle. From there they reconnoitered about that
Section of the country, checking the enemy, during which time
they remained several weeks on the High hills of Santee, the
Place of Rendezvous. From there they were marched under
Lieut. Greene, Capt. Morgan being wounded at Eutaw Springs,
to Stone; from thence to Salisbury in N. C. where he was dis-
charged by Lieut. Greene. That his discharge is mislaid or
lost, that he has no documentary evidence to prove the facts
Daniel X Bradley,
154 virginia historical magazine.
On this 17 th day of Sept. personally appeared in open Court
before the Justices of the court of Pitts, now sitting, James
Hopkins, a resident in the state of Va. in the Co. of Pitts., aged
sixty-seven years on the 22 day of February 1832, who being
first sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following
That he entered the service of the U. S. as a Substitute in the
place of James Hopkins, Sen' sometime in the Spring 1780 and
marched from the County of Amherst & State, aforesaid, under
the Command of Capt. Azariah Martin, Lieu* Wm. Holt, and
Ensign Leroy, the place of rendezvous was at Hillsborough
in the State of N. Carolina. After our arrival there we were
transferred to 4 th Reg't Virginia Militia Commanded by Col.
Lucas from the County of Mecklenburg, the Brigade was
Commanded by Brigadier Gen. Stevens, from the County of
Culpeper. After remaining at Hillsborough some time, for the
purpose of being disciplined, we were ordered to march to S.
Carolina and join Maj. Gen'l H. Gates, Commander in Chief
of the Southern Army at a place called Rugeley's Mills on the
morning of the 13 th August, rested the balance of the day, and
10 o'Clock at night took up the line of march to Surprize the
enemy before day, who were encamped at Campden, who
marched at the same hour; the two armies met on the middle
ground. A Sharp Skirmish between the advanced guards took
place that night (the line was formed and the men stood under
arms all night) — the next morning August the 16 th the line was
ordered to advance and a general engagement took place about
the rising of the sun, which resulted in a Shameful defeat of the
Southern Army. There was no place designated, in the event
of a defeat, at which we should rendezvous, we had lost all our
baggage, and were destitute of any Clothing, except what little
we had on. Separated from our officers and no means of Sub-
sistance, under these appalling circumstances, although Our
term of service was nearly expired, a Considerable number of the
Company to which I belonged, determined to make the best of
their way home. After our return to Amherst County, a Court
of inquiry Convened and made an Order that we should all be
REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS 155
sent back and serve a tour of eight months under regular
Officers. We were accordingly mustered and put under the
Command of Cap't Pamlin who marched us back to Hills-
borough, where Gen'l Green's army then lay, and we were
transferred to the Command of a Cap* Graves of Co. of Culpeper
who was assigned to take Command of the men sent back from a
few Other Counties for the same offence. In a short time the
Army was ordered to march to the South, we passed thro'
Sallisbury, Charlotte, &c, and about the 1 st of Jan. 1781, we
took up winter quarters on North Side of Peedee river, near the
Cheraw hills, S. Carolina.
Sometime in the month of Feb., if my memory is correct,there
was a general order issued for all married men belonging to the
eight months' Company as they were called, to be discharged,
and the young men to be retained, till their term of service ex-
pired, this reduced the Company very Considerably. Capt.
Graves was permitted to return home with those men that were
discharged, and the balance retained in service were placed
under the command of a Cap* Webb and Lieut. Webb, who I
understood came from about Richmond in Virginia. Shortly
after this Gen'l Morgan defeated Col. Tarlton at a place called
Cowpens, and took a number of prisoners, and had to make a
rapid retreat to save them from being retaken by the enemy.
As soon as Gen. Greene received the information, he immediately
marched off the Army to Cover Morgan's retreat, and left this
small Company of eight months' men, some of whom were sta-
tioned at mills to guard them and keep them employed in
grinding meal and flower for the use of the Army, and some to
guard the encampment. Finally Capt. Webb received Orders
to take charge of eight or ten waggons, loaded with meal and
flower, and about four hundred head of Hogs, and to follow on
after the Army, and we were in fact, in rear of both armies.
When we reached Deep river in N. Carolina intending to go
to Guilford C. H., we there received intelligence that Cornwallis
was at the place, we then had to change our rout, turned to the
right, went thro' Hillsborough & Granville County, and
crossed the Roanoke river at Taylor's Ferry, near which place
in the County of Mecklenburg, in State of Va., was a Com-
156 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.
missaries Store, where the Cap* delivered the meal, flower Hogs
&c, which we protected and brought safe through a part of our
Country that at that time was literally speaking in the hands
of the British and tories. By this time our term of service was
nearly expired, we were permitted to draw up a Petition, &
send it on by express to Gen. Greene, stating our situation, that
we were almost naked, almost worn out with fatigue, & pray-
ing him to send orders to the Cap 1 to discharge us, which he did
and we met the express in the county of Halifax, near Banister
river in State of Va., where the Company were accordingly
discharged, which was about the 1" of March 1781. This dis-
charge has long since been destroyed, he has no documentary
evidence to prove his service; he claims to have served in the
whole nine months.
He hereby relinquishes every Claim whatsoever to a pension
or annuity, except the present, and declares that his name is not
on the pension roll of the Agency of any State.
James Nance, age 70 yrs., on 17 day of Sept. 1832 made follow-
ing declaration before open court of Pitts. Co., Va —
That he was born on 2 d day of Feb. 1762 in the County of
Amelia (now Nottoway) Va., according to his Father's Register,
which is not in his possession; that he entered the service of the
U. S. as a drafted Soldier on the 9 th day of February 1779 under
Capt. Wm. Fitzggerald, Lieut. Charles Irby, Ensign Bowling
Hall, and marched to Halifaxtown, N. C, where he joined Col.
David Mason of Va. & marched from thence to Hillsborough
& Salsbury, N. C. and joined General Lincoln at Stone Camp,
S. C, and fought a hard Battle with the British on the 20 th of
June 1779, in which he was engaged from the commencement
to the end, after which he marched back to camp where he
remained some time. That he knew Count Pulaskie and
General Parsons, &c, from thence was marched to Camden,
S. C. and discharged in August 1779. After serving a tower of
6 months, that he acted as fifer and was disbanded by Col.
Mason, and returned to Amelia, Va. on 10 th Aug. 1779.
REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS 157
In the year 1780 he served a tower of Duty under Capt. Gray,
belonging to the United States Army, commanded by Col.
White. The fall of same year, he was called on to render ser-
vice agreeably to draughfted numbers and served a tower of 3
months under Capt. Irby, Lieut's name not recollected, was
marched to Petersburg, Va., from there to Cabbin point, thence
to Markeys mills thence to Nancemond, thence to a place not
recollected, and returned to Nancymun, he then interted (can't
make this word out) in the calvary under Chas. Irby, for during
(can't make this word out) the War, upon condition that he
could procure a horse, was priviledged to go home & get a
horse & return to camp, & in the event he could not get a
horse, his absence was to be counted as on furlow; when he got
home it being inconvenient to procure a horse and a young man
in the neighborhood by the name of Elisha Gunn being called
on to join Genl. Greene in opposition to Lord Cornwallice, the
said Gunn and himself changed towers, and being organized
he marched under Capt. Overstreet and joined headquarters
on troublesome Creak, N. C. After various marches they met
the British and had a severe Battle at Gilford Courthouse, after
marching to deep river, at ramsey's mills, Chatham County,
N. C, he was honourably discharged, by Brigadier General
Lawson of the Va. troops, after which he returned to Amelia
county, Va. There he remained until the 5 th day of Jan. 1801
at which time he removed to Wake Co. N. C, where he has
remained ever since, & being on a visit to friends in Pitts. Co.
Va., avails himself of the opportunity to make his declaration,
having it more in his power to establish his services here than
in N. C, serving as a Militiaman there was no written discharge
given to such.
James X Nance.
On this 20 th day of August 1832 personally appeared before
the Court of the County of Pittsylvania now sitting, Wm. Dews,
158 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.
a resident of said Co., aged 80 yrs. who being first duly sworn
according to law, doth on his oath make following declaration —
That he enlisted in the Army of the U. S. in the month of
Feb. 1776 for two yrs. with Lieut. Henderson in Cap* Walkers
Company, then stationed at Charlottesville in the County of
Albemarle, Va. On the 15 th day of that month this company
left Charlottesville & marched direct to Gloucester Court
House, Va. & from there they marched to Chesapeake Bay,
and went across to the County of Northampton & was there
attached to the 9 th Reg't of the Va. line under the Command of
Col. George Matthews and Major Ivins. That they were sta-
tioned in said Co. of Northampton untill about the 19 th or 20 th
of Dec. 1776, when they were marched from there to Morristown
in New Jersey and joined the army under Gen'l George Wash-
ington at that place in January 1777, where he had taken up
Early in the Spring following a picked Company was made
up from the different regiments and Placed under the command
of Lieut. Henderson who acted as Capt. of which he said Wm.
Dews was one. This Company was put under Col. Daniel
Morgan, who commanded a Rifle choir and was with him in three
engagements. On one day, first at Brunswick where the British
had wintered, the 2 d and third near the same place, that he con-
tinued with Col. Morgan Several months until he was ordered to
Albany. That he left Col. Morgan near Summerset C. H.,
New Jersey, and returned under the command of Lieut. Martin
to the said 9 th Reg' under Col. Matthews and was stationed at
the Cross Roads near Philadelphia when the British arrived at
the head of Elk River. He was placed under the Command of
Col. Richard Parker and was with him in the Battle of Brandy-
wine on the 11 th of September 1777. Soon after that he was
again transferred to the 9 th Regiment with Colo. Matthews and
was with him in the Battle of Germantown when his Regiment
was defeated by the British and he, said Dews, was taken
Prisoner on the 4 th of October 1777 and carried to Philadelphia
and put in Jail, kept there about eight months and was then
carried by the British to New York and kept under guard 18
days. Then exchanged at Elizabeth River about the 17 th
REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS 159
July 1778, then marched to the White plains in the State of
New York and there discharged about the last of the same
month. The whole of. the service rendered under this enlist-
ment including the time of his being a prisoner with the British
is two yrs. and about 6 months. His discharge was destroyed
by the British in the town of Petersburg, Va., soon after he
obtained it, but the service rendered is proved by the affidavits
of David Street and Dudley Calloway, who were regular soldiers
with him in the revolutionary War. That he resided in the
county of Albemarle when he entered the service of the U. S.
in the yr. 1776. After his discharge from said service in yr.
1778, he resided for some time in the town of Petersburg, Va.
He now resides and has lived in the Co. of Pittsylvania for
about 50 years. Thereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a
pension except the present and declares that his name is not on
the Pension Roll of any agency of any State.
William X Dews,
I, Dudley Calloway of the Town of Lynchburg in the Co. of
Campbell and State of Va., do hereby certify and do Solemnly
Swear that I enlisted a Soldier in the Army of the Revolution
in the year 1776 and Served in the 5 th Regiment of the Va. line
for about 16 mo. when he was detached from said 5 th Reg't &
put under the command of Col. Daniel Morgan, who command-
ed a Rifle Choir and Served with said Morgan, that he then be-
came acquainted with Wm. Dews of Pitts. Co., Va., who was a
regular Soldier in the 9 th Reg't under Col. Matthews, that he
the said Wm. Dews was also detached from 9 th Reg't and was
put under Col. Morgan and served with me under said Morgan
several months, when he was put back with said Col. Matthews
of the said 9 th Regiment, and I was informed that said Dews
was in Battle of Germantown and taken pirsoner by the British
and kept several months. That I believe the said Wm. Dews
enlisted for two years and served faithfully as soldier in the
Army of the Revolution. Given under my hand & seal this
14 th day of August 1832.
Dudley Calloway. (Seal)
160 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.
William M. Nance.
William M. Nance, aged 72 years, Sept. 17, 1832, personally
appeared in open court in Pitts. Co. & made following
That he was born on the 18"' January 1760, in County of
Amelia, now Nottoway, Va., according to his father's register
which is not in his possession, that he entered the service of the
U. S. as a substitute for Wm. Mitchel in the year 1777 under
Capt. Gabriel Fowlke, Jno. Knight, Lieut. & Wm. Brookin,
Ensign, at the Court House of Amelia Co., Va., and marched to
Williamsburg & joined the Regiment under the Command of
Col. Vivian Brookin and after remaining there a short time
was ordered to Hampton where he joined the army under the
command of General Tho 8 Nelson, where he served several
months, the particular time not recollected but think it was
not less than 3 months and was disbanded by Col. Brookin at
Hampton without any regular discharge and returned home
where he remained until early in the month of Feb. 1779 when
he was drafted and marched under Capt. Wm. Fitzgerald,
Lieut. Charles Irby to Halifax Town, North Carolina where he
joined Col. David Mason and marched thro' Hillsborough,
Salsbury, N. Carolina and joined Gen. Lincoln at Stone Camp,
South Carolina & fought a hard Battle with the British on
the 20 th of June 1779 in which he was engaged from the Com-
mencement to the end after which he marched back to Camp
where he remained some time. Knew Count Pulaskie, Genl.
Parsons, etc., and from thence was marched to Camden, S.
Carolina and disbanded in August 1779, after serving a tour
of 6 months, during which time he was orderly sergeant & was
disbanded by Col. Mason. Returned to Amelia, Va., where
he remained till Dec. 1780, when he removed to County of
Pitts., where he has resided ever since and in the year 1781 he
was drafted and marched from the county afr d under Capt.
Chas. Williams, Lieut. Dix or Hunt, he does not recollect
which, to York Town, Va., where he was regularly engaged in
the siege until the Surrender, 2 days after which he with the
other sick of the Troops of Pitts, was discharged by General
Stephens which discharge is lost or mislaid.
Wm. M. Nance.